Saturday, May 8, 2010

T1 Vs DSL and Cable Lines

Using cable or DSL can possibly bring you to disappointing moments in your business. There is a big factor that lies with the cables unreliability because of its unpredictable down times. Sometimes it takes more time to upload or send a file only to prove that you have chosen a poor internet service. Most of the time, DSL and cable can do a convincing job for home uses, but having a business that requires more than 2 individuals to be online at the same ti9me these types of connection falls off your standards. IT only leads us to the fact that DSL and cable are not really meant for business use. You might realize the need for a T1 line for better results.

There is a big difference between T1 lines and DSL cable. There is no certainty of how many bandwidths will be good for you at a given period of time. It is because DSL and cable are created to be over-subscribed and not anyone even the carrier can assure you with a consistent performance.

With T1 lines as your service provider, you are guaranteed to have a focused connection to the internet, not a shared connection with other people like what the DSL and cable lines offer. You'll never get this from a DSL or cable provider especially the written contract from your T1 assuring you of a particular amount of bandwidth available for you 24/7, 99% uptime guarantee. The DSL or cable provider usually says you can have 5 or 10MB speed or more. Well, you need to consider these:

1.) There is no guaranteed speed for DSL and cable providers. This is because you are connected to the same circuit that 50-100 individuals are also using. It only means that the promised speed can only be available if other people in you locations are not6 online at the same time.

2.) The speed from your computer to y\the internet (up) will always be lower disregarding the speed coming from the internet (down) to the extent that you can consider it as slow as the dial up connection.

3.) The speed you have from your DSL and cable provides will always be inconsistent because your connection is shared with so many other individuals.

Your DSL or cable lines may offer lower charges than T1 but with a guaranteed up time, the same speed up and down guaranteed 24/7 you are assured that changing to T1 will give you better service.

For a more comprehensive Internet T1 Pricing, go to

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DSL Internet Connection

Disconnected again? Tired of missing phone calls because you spend too much time online with a dial up connection that moves slower than that snail crawling on the floor? There are plenty of people who know that feeling, and in a culture that values speed and the ability to get things done quickly, it is no surprise that DSL Internet connections are becoming increasingly popular. DSL Internet connections are much faster and more reliable than basic dial up connections, and are much better than their dial up competitors. In fact, the competition between the two isn't even close.

Unless you live or work in a very remote and rural area, you should have the option of getting a much faster internet than dial up, especially through DSL Internet connections. If high-speed Internet services are available, your choice will be between DSL or cable modem services. Cable Internet is fairly self-explanatory to a lot of people, but you might be asking yourself, what are DSL Internet connections?

DSL stands for Digital Subscriber Line. DSL uses a specialized technology to cram large amounts of data onto copper wires, which is how the direct Internet line can be opened without having to block off your phone. A DSL Internet connection can also sometimes be called an always on connection because it uses existing 2-wire copper telephone line connected to the premise and will not tie up your phone as a dial-up connection does. Since a DSL Internet connection is always on, you never have to dial up into an ISP or block off the phone line. There isn't even a need to get a second phone line. The two main categories of DSL for home subscribers are called ADSL and SDSL.

What are the differences between the two? One is simply location. ADSL is generally the most common form of DSL Internet connection sold by Internet providers in not only the United States, but in most of North America in general. ADSL is a short abbreviation for the longer, more technical term of "asymmetric digital subscriber line." ADSL does require a special type of modem, so if you are looking around at possible DSL Internet connections, be sure that you have the right set up on your computer (or that the right modem can be added) before doing any purchasing.

SDSL is short for "symmetric digital subscriber line," and is much more common in Europe than in North America. This works much the same way as ADSL, but is more technological and does allow more data to be sent and received than an ADSL connection. SDSL is a DSL Internet connection that also requires a special modem.

Cable Internet is the main competitor to DSL. There are still a lot of arguments over which is faster, which is the better deal, which works best. There does not appear to be a clear winner between the two. While Cable Internet offers speeds that are up to twice as fast as any DSL Internet connections, unlike DSL, cable uses a "shared bandwidth" which means that at any given time the actual download speeds can vary quite a bit. At a busy time, DSL might actually be faster because too many users will slow down a cable internet connection, though at a down time, the cable might edge out the DSL.

There are commonly questions about security. While security is always an issue with high speed Internet, there is no way to determine if one is really safer than the other. In this situation, whether you have Cable Internet or a DSL Internet connection, it makes sense to have a proven anti-virus and anti-spy ware package on your computer to deal with any inevitable problems that will occur.

Then there is the bottom line question in almost every argument: which one is the better buy for the price? Which is cheaper? The problem is, there is no standard prices that make comparisons easy. The price of a DSL Internet connection is dependent on several factors, including: competition, level of competition, location, and variety of local choices. The ideal situation is where you have two, or even three, companies in your area vying over the Cable Internet and DSL Internet market. These will be the areas that have the most competitive pricing. Otherwise, you simply need to check your area. There is no point in giving a ball park price if it is not available for that in your area. The best option is the best one available.

Still, there is no question that a DSL Internet connection is far superior to dial up in virtually every way. This is from being able to keep a main phone line open, to much faster downloads and surfing, to the constant rate of speed that DSL can offer. This is definitely a smart buy, and it is easy to see why the popularity continues to increase.

Carmen Anderton is a successful Webmaster and publisher of

She provides more tips and information on her website at Net Zero

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Disgusted With Dial-Up? - Compare DSL Service Providers, Cable and Satellite Internet To See If One

Do you find yourself waiting around for your Internet pages to load or digital photo files and other attachments to transfer?

Do your friends and family complain that they can never get through on the phone line because you or your kids are always online.Chances are you are still using dial up Internet service.Perhaps it's time to consider an alternative method.

The main three types of high speed access include DSL,
cable and satellite Internet. At the current time, DSL service providers and cable are not available in all areas. Some parts of the country do not have access to either option. Good satellite Internet reception is dependant on an unobstructed line of sight to the south. So where you live can make a big difference in which high speed Internet service you choose.

Here are some overviews of each service and comparisons for those
fortunate to have more than one option available:

DSL Service Providers

DSL, which stands for Digital Subscriber Line, describes a
technology that taps into unused frequencies on copper telephone lines to
transmit information at much higher speeds. There is no dialup and accessing services. So access is immediate. With DSL, you can send both voice and high speed data over the same line. The bandwidth, or data transfer capacity, or DSL ranges from 128 Kbps to 1.544 Mbps downstream to your computer. Upstream transfer from your computer is usually limited to 128 Kbps. Bandwidth is dedicated so you don't have to share with other users, but DSL is also more effective the closer you are to service provider's facilities. If your local area has plenty of cable bandwidth available it may be a better option for those located greater distances from a DSL provider. Average monthly charges for DSL services are around $55-$65.

Verizon is one of the leading providers of high speed DSL
service, with a large coverage area. With Verizon DSL you get a monthly package for $34.95 that includes unlimited access with a personalized home page, 9 e-mail accounts, and 10 megabytes of web space. For those customers with multiple computers in the home, there is a home
networking option available. You can connect multiple home computers and laptops to a single high-speed DSL Internet connection at no additional monthly cost.

Earthlink DSL is another option. Their basic package, which includes the same features as Verizon's offer also includes a free dial-up service which allows you to enjoy 20 hours of Internet access per month when you're away from home. This package typically costs $39.99 per month. Earthlink also offers cable and satellite Internet.

As noted, DSL uses copper telephone wires. Rural areas and some cities do not have these wires available for large volume use, which means that DSL is not yet an option in those areas, even if Verizon, Earthlink or another provider offers services there.


If you have cable TV available in your area, chances are
that you have access to Internet through your cable provider. This service uses the same wires as your cable TV programming and depending on the provider and the area, there may be a good deal of bandwidth available or a more limited amount. Because users share bandwidth, this could be an issue for those living in areas with limited amounts available for Internet use. It is a good question to ask your cable provider before signing up. Your choice for cable Internet is typically limited to only those providers who offer cable TV in your area. On average, cable Internet does tend to be a bit faster than DSL. Service is often slightly less expensive than DSL, averaging around $45 per month.


If you do not have DSL or cable Internet available in your
area, satellite Internet may provide a viable option. Its speed is comparable to other high speed Internet services, its always on, and you have the option of adding satellite TV service. However, it requires that you have a clear view of the southern sky from your home anywhere in the continental United States in order to receive good reception from the satellites. The service is typically a good deal more expensive than the other two high speed options discussed, averaging around $100 per month with installation fees of up to $400.

Some people confuse satellite Internet with what's known
as WiFi. WiFi Internet services are actually provided by access nodes located in high traffic areas such as airports and hotel or through Internet cafes. If you have a laptop equipped with WiFi receiver, you can access services from within about 1000 feet of the node. There is typically a fee to use this service. It is a good idea for travelers but does not meet the need for home Internet use because it required the access node.

Although there are several satellite Internet providers,
they all use similar technology. DirecTV is a popular provider because they are also a top satellite TV company. DirecTV satellite Internet service is delivered through a wholly owned subsidiary, DIRECWAY. DirecTV satellite Internet costs $99.99 per month and requires customers to purchase a satellite dish and modem. Installation is typically available from the distributor.


Consult a comparison chart such as the High Speed Internet
Guide which should give you a fair idea of the speed and costs involved. However, it is important to note that the data transfer rates you can get from either DSL or Cable will depend entirely on whatever local providers are in your area.

About the Author:
C.J. Gustafson is a successful freelance writer for, a consumer guide for free satellite TV systems. She has spent hours of time researching cable, DSL service providers, and high speed satellite Internet service providers for her home office. She dreams one day attaching the satellite dish to her RV and spending the winters writing from wherever it's warmest that week

Permission is granted to publish this article on your site only if the author's byline is included and all links are hyperlinked.

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How to Secure your DSl / Cable Internet Connection Against Malicious Attacks

Securing your Windows Xp computer is done by achieving two main tasks.

The first, is to prevent unauthorized users sitting at your computer and logging in through your keyboard.

The second, is to prevent access to your computer through your internet connection. Preventing unauthorized users is done by controlling your user accounts management.

This is done by creating one account beside the administrator account. This way, you end up with one administrator account for managing the whole system, and another user
account for using all the time you are not managing your system.

Once you install Windows Xp operating systems, you create a user account beside the
administrator account. This new account user ID and password is only known to you, the
administrator. By doing this, you disallow anyone from using your computer by sitting at
your keyboard.

The second task is to prevent unauthorized internet access from the outside world. Your
computer internet connection is the main source of all kinds of attacks that will damage
different programs installed on your computer.

Attacks from the Internet can be of different forms. Their effects can vary from slowing down
you machine to producing annoying messages. Today with the high speed Internet access,
you get bombarded with problems much more when you were using dial-up connection.

There is certain measures you can take to stop the Internet attacks through your high speed
connection. I recommend you do four things:

a-Install an Adware / Spyware removal program on your computer.

b-Install an Antivirus program.

c-Install a Pop-Up blocker program.

d-Install a Firewall, software or hardware.

In Summary, there are many numbers of ways your computer can be attacked, and
result in damages of many sorts. However, There are only few ways of protecting
your computer, which makes it easy for every computer owner to secure their


George Chamoun

For more about steps to secure your home computer, get my free e-books at

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The Unmatched Windows XP Broadband - Cable Tweaks Guide

Does your connection crawl? I bet it does buddy, just try these few simple tweaks, lets get you fixed today. The following tweaks and modifications are the ones I personally perform to my Cable connection after fresh installing windows.

Note-This Guide works with DSL and Cable Connections!

The first thing I like to do is run over to Control Panel > Network Connections and "right click" Local Area Connection (Your primary connection)

Then I Uncheck:

"Client for Microsoft Networks"

"File and Printer Sharing For Microsoft Networks"

"QoS Packet Scheduler"

Then I like to install LVLLORD'S TCP PATCH.... (Read more info below)

Microsoft Limited TCP connections in SP2 to 10! Regain lost speed by applying lvllord's patch. Just download the patcher and execute it. It will automatically find the windows directory and ask, if it should increase/decrease. Enter C and change the value to 100, and confirm your changes. After a successful patch, the new TCPIP.SYS will be automatically installed. Restart your computer

After I get my Tcp nicely patched, I move on and Tweak my windows xp registry settings to unleash my cable connection's real potential. Don't be worried if I said "I tweak my registry", You wont have to manually edit it because I use a great free tool called Cablenut!

So you downloaded CableNut? Good! Now you are ready to start getting information to use with the program.

The first value that you will need to calculate is the Maximum Anticipated Latency of your connection. To do this, you will use the trace route command built into Windows XP. Follow these steps to get the latency value to use for your connection Alrighty so now lets find our Maximum Anticipated Latency! To do this, Download a really big file such as the .NET SDK framework at

While this file is downloading, run over and open up Command Prompt by opening "RUN" and typing in cmd. This brings up a nice big black window. Now you need to run what is called Tracert 5 times in this box and write down the highest number you get with every tracert.

So lets get this straight you need to run tracert 5 times each time to a different site. For example


When you run it let it finish...can take up to 3mins then copy down the highest number. Do this five times, then DROP THE HIGHEST AND LOWEST VALUE and average the other 3 (add them all up then divide by 3)., then follow the steps to get the values to enter into CableNut:

**TO DETERMINE THE Maximum Connection Speed simply go to your Internet service provider's website and look for it. Or you could simply email them and ask them**

After you get all those settings, change the values GlobalMaxTcpWindowSize & TcpWindowSize. to the ones you found previously (your perfect RWIN).

Faster Downloads

I highly recommend that you use a download manager. It allows you to resume broken downloads, choose the fastest servers for your location for optimal d/l speed and schedule your downloads. Star Downloader is my top choice.

Fastest Windows XP Browser

I am a speed freak I must admit! And when I tell you I've tried EVERY BROWSER.....ive tried EVERY browser! The two browsers below I currently have installed on my PC and use them both! They both rock!

Firefox (My TOP Pick)- Firefox has spread the Net faster than AIDS =) and is now an essential icon on virtually every Computer around. Even though it had a rough start I am recommending it due to its frequent updates and its ability to be tweaked. I must admit, Firefox by default is NOT the fastest browser that is until it gets TWEAKED! Be sure to download your copy of Firefox along with Firetune.

Opera - Offer Insane speed, stability and security. It has an INCREDIBLE amount of features and fun stuff.

Although its said that OPERA is the Fastest Browser available, I personally think that Firefox %2B Firetune whoops Operas butt! :-)

Don't let you PC slow to a crawl click the link for more Windows XP Tweaks that will have your pc running on steroids!

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Bundled Phone TV and Internet Package Deals From Cable and Phone Companies

With so many options for bundled phone, TV, and Internet service, your choice for which company to use may come down to convenience, price, technological preference, or simply who you prefer to do business with. Some consumers living in well populated areas may have a choice between bundling through a phone company like AT&T or Verizon, a cable company like Comcast or Time Warner, or even a choice of multiple cable or phone providers. Others may not have such a wide selection of choices, but may still have at least one provider offering bundled packages.

There is a difference in the technologies used to deliver these services, but for the most part the end result is the same, so as far as the services you receive it doesn't make much difference which type of provider you choose. One thing the phone companies generally offer that cable companies don't currently offer is cell phone service. Other than that, you can get digital television, high speed Internet, and home phone service from both cable and phone companies.

Specifically speaking, a telco will normally offer landline phone service with your choice of calling plan, plus satellite TV like Dish Network or DirecTV, also with your choice of programming, high speed Internet in the form of DSL, with several speed options, and cellular service also with plans to suit your needs. Though you can customize your telco bundle, and save some money by bundling, you may save a little more by getting a featured bundled package, or prefabricated bundle. The same applies with cable providers.

Cable bundles come with similar services like home phone, but this is not a landline. It's broadband phone which takes advantage of VoIP technology, and is most commonly referred to as digital phone service, or cable phone. There is no cell phone service via a cable company as of yet, making it an excellent choice if you prefer prepaid cellular, or don't want to do business with your landline provider. Obviously you'll have a choice of cable TV programming packages, and you will also have high speed cable broadband Internet available in a variety of speeds.

Competition is fierce, so you may be able to take advantage of incentives to start new service, or switch. Some companies even offer cash back just for switching from one type of provider to the other, e.g. switching from cable to a telco, and vice-versa. If you don't mind switching, you could possibly take advantage of special offers for new service, then after your service term has expired, switch to a provider offering cash incentives to do so, effectively lowering your cost for service every couple of years, but you didn't hear that from me.

Daymon Hoag is the founder of Phone TV Internet, where you can shop for Bundled Package Deals

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When Your Fed Up With Dial-Up and DSL and Cable Service Are Not an Option - Enter Satellite Internet

So there you are 2 days into downloading your favorite movie on Dial-Up. You are moving at snail speeds and your mind is starting to shut down because the lack of activity and your patience running thin. You have exhausted all of your resources when it comes to finding a DSL or Cable Provider, there just isn't one. They keep telling you cable and DSL will be available next year and 2 years have passed. You don't know where to turn. Take a deep breath, there is a solution. The solution is Satellite Internet.

Satellite Internet is the only option when DSL and Cable service are not around. Well, Dial -Up is always an option for the mundane. For you knowledgeable folks out there, you are probably getting ready to say what about a T1? Yes, that is an option, but, a T1 Line is in a price category all of it's own when you are jumping from low cost Dial-Up. As a matter a fact, I will not even go into the pricing because there is such a difference. We will stick with the subject at hand, Satellite Broadband that is.

Satellite Internet has been around for some time and it is beginning to make a name for itself. You can get Satellite Bandwidth Service just about anywhere, unless something gets in the way of the Satellite signal and interferes with the line of site from the satellite that orbits in space to the Satellite Dish that's mounted on the roof or patio.

The most famous of Satellite Providers is HughesNet. The Satellite speeds are alot quicker than Dial-Ups traditional 56Kbps. Satellite Internet Service has download speeds from 1000 Kbps all the way up to 5 Mbps. So remember when all hope is lost with DSL and Cable and Dial-Up is bringing you down, Satellite Internet will bring you up to speed!

The author Ron Legarski is a business consultant for professional agencies.

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Cable or DSL Broadband?

I've been asked this question so many times I thought I'd put my thoughts down here for you to read. Let's start by pointing out a couple things first. First off, depending on where you live, you may not have a choice of access. Satellite may be your only choice, which makes this null and void. Don't fret, satellite is better than any dial-up and the contract lengths are generally 12-14 months in length. It will cost a bit more, given the extra equipment involved, but it certainly beats dial-up (if you can afford it).

Ok, on to the two major broadband access methods, cable and DSL. When I'm asked this question, I usually follow it with questions of my own.

1st. What type of internet surfing do you do? Are you a gamer, shopper, email user, web developer, music downloader, online video watcher, video editor or casual surfer?

2nd. How many computers will you have connected to the internet at one time?

3rd. Do you plan on 'leveraging' your broadband investment for home security or VoIP? (Voice over Internet Protocol is a method of making and receiving your phone calls using your broadband connection.)

When making your decision keep in mind that cable access, generally, cost more. The higher cost comes with the benefits of more speed. Up to 6 meg download, or the amount of information you can receive 'down' from the internet.

Loading web pages, listening to music online or watching video online are all impacted by your download speed. DSL is about 1.5 meg down in comparison. Not only does this impact 'your' surfing behavior, but if you plan to have more than 1 computer access the internet at the same time, keep in mind you're 'sharing' this connection. Sharing the connection means sharing that download 'pipe'. (your internet connection) Uploading to the internet (file attachments in email, uploading web pages, etc. impact your upload speed. Cable upload speeds are around 384K while DSL is around 128K.

If you wish to leverage your investment in broadband by using VoIP, keep in mind that DSL is provided through the copper wires of your phone line. Having VoIP as a primary phone line without local phone service is very, very rare. This type of access is called 'naked DSL' and is not very common. We hope this will change in time, but for now, check with your local phone company. If you plan on leveraging your investment, check first.

So the answer to the question Cable or DSL is really all about your usage and what you're willing to pay. Yes, cable is more expensive but it also comes with the additional benefits of faster speed and the ability to leverage your investment using VoIP as a primary phone service.

Lastly, when I'm asked what I personally use at home? I use cable broadband access and VoIP phone service. I'm very pleased with both and don't plan on changing any time soon.

If you're still unsure which is right for you, there are many web sites out there to provide you with additional information. Our site can help you as well so we hope to see you there!

Happy surfing.

This article provided by Try Right Technology, Inc. Visit us at

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High-Speed Internet Options - DSL, Cable and Satellite Broadband

Technology being what it is these days, there is a wide range of internet options. Even in the elite category of high-speed internet, the selection can be overwhelming and it might seem like it takes a technology expert to make the right decision when choosing an internet provider. DSL should mean something to us, but in many cases it doesn't; cable modems seem like a necessity for the Comedy Channel, not the internet; and satellite broadband sounds like something recently tested by NASA. Many of us feel your pain. To that end, here is a simplified look at the wide world of high-speed internet and its three biggest players: Cable, DSL and Satellite Broadband.

First of all, high-speed or "broadband" internet is internet service which transfers information rapidly. If you've ever used dial-up internet, it is generally the step above dial-up. However, as technology has progressed over the past five years, the standard has risen along with it. Whereas broadband internet began by beating dial-up (i.e., anything greater than 56 kilobits per second), the latest accepted transmission standard for broadband is somewhere greater than 250 kbs/s and usually better than 750 kbs/s At these speeds, pictures and data can download almost instantly. The standard will likely continue to rise, but you should not settle for bandwidths below 750 or even 1000 kbs/s, also called 1 Mb. Think of it as the horsepower for your engine, or the miles per gallon for gas efficiency. It is your most important tool when shopping for an internet provider.

Just looking at the definition of high-speed or broadband internet, it is clear that dial-up is not an impressive option. DSL, on the other hand, is a feasible high-speed solution. An acronym for Digital Subscriber Line, DSL is commonly thought of as "Direct Service Line." While erroneous, it is actually mistaken with good reason, for DSL technology works with a telephone or "hard" line. Often compatible with an existing line, DSL internet uses a different frequency than your phone and typically supplies a strong bandwidth for information transfer. An obvious drawback: if the telephone line doesn't go there, DSL doesn't go there.

The same can be said for getting internet via cable. The internet will operate using the same technology that brought cable television into your home. When you hear the words cable modem tossed around, don't fret. A modem is just a box used to transmit signals: think of it as a cable box for your computer. High-speed internet using the cable system can range from good to excellent. The same rule applies: if the cable company does not service your area, you will not be able to get internet in this way.

Which leaves us at one of the key options for the rural or "off-the-grid" customer: satellite broadband. In the same way satellite tv has found its audience, satellite internet is available where no other credible options exist. Instead of a cable modem or a telephone line, your hardware will be a satellite dish. Installation will require pointing the dish without obstruction to achieve the best possible signal. Drawbacks include: trouble experienced during bad weather and a slightly higher price tag than cable or DSL. But left to choose between satellite internet and dial-up service, the decision is an easy one: go satellite and don't look back.

Ditch dial-up and get Hughes Net. You can connect at faster speeds. Hughes internet deals available now!

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Why T1 is Vastly Superior to DSL & Cable Internet

As a telecom professional for more than 20 years, I have seen the advances and growth in the industry, as well as some of the cutting edge technologies and products to hit the market. But one thing seems to unfortunately remain constant, which is the influx of bad, misleading, and downright inaccurate information regarding telecommunications and the advantages of various technologies to achieve a goal.

First of all, you need to use a reliable provider. This doesn't necessarily mean a "household brand name", and in some cases, definitely does not mean that. But you want to use a carrier whose core business is telecommunications; that is their focus and core market, and they own the networks. Buying something from a second or third tier carrier who does not own the network means you need to go through them to get problems resolved, and they usually have zero ability to fix the problems themselves, but rather need to contact the people who DO own the network. So if you already know that your network is on AT&T or Qwest but you bought your circuit from Billy Bob's, you cannot call AT&T or Qwest directly, because you are not the owner of that circuit; Billy Bob is and is the only one who can log a trouble ticket for your circuit.

You also need to understand that you can choose virtually any carrier on the planet. Just because your local phone company is AT&T or Verizon does not at all mean that they are your only choices for a T1 line. In fact, they are likely your most expensive options.

T1 lines are available just about anywhere, but like real estate, it is location, location, location. The price is highly dependent on the distance of the installation site to the nearest POP (Point Of Presence) of the carrier's distribution facility. As such, the pricing in more metropolitan areas is much better, but even so, a T1 can be had in Mosquito Junction Texas or Podunk Kansas. There is nothing wrong with Mosquito Junction or Podunk, they are lovely communities, but the law of supply and demand prevails, and the demand is just not there to bring the prices down to the same level as metro areas.

A T1 line is certainly not applicable to residential use or home office use in 99.9% of cases.

So what's wrong with DSL and cable? Outside of blatant misleadings and untruths in their advertising you mean? Many things, especially for the business user. Neither DSL nor cable have any kind of uptime guarantee, whereas T1 has a 99.99% uptime guarantee that you get in writing with your contract. And talk about misleading - did you realize that you will likely never see the "6 MB" speed advertised by DSL and cable? That is because you are on a SHARED circuit segment, and you are sharing that circuit segment with 50-100 other businesses and residences in your area, even with "business class" service. That means that only if those 50-100 other businesses and residences are logged off do you even have a theoretical chance of seeing 6 MB speed.

Oh, and that advertised speed is only DOWN. Your UP speed (the speed at which you send data TO the Internet) is typically only about twice the speed of dialup. But they don't tell you that, which in my opinion toes the line of "truth in advertising".

Bandwidth availability? With DSL and cable, you have NONE. If you are able to send or receive ONE character per month to the Internet, your carrier is meeting the terms of their service agreement, which usually says something like "best efforts", and if one character is the best they can do, then that's what you get. The fact that you are seeing decent speeds TODAY has zero bearing on what you might see tomorrow, since these circuits are designed to be oversubscribed, and the only way they can achieve the price points that they do is via over-subscription. You could also be down for a week or more, while they are "working on it" and you have no recourse.

What about FIOS I am frequently asked? FIOS is basically cable with a thyroid condition and has all the inherent disadvantages of cable.

Now let's look at T1, which is delivered very differently from DSL and cable. You have a 99.99% uptime guarantee, and you also have a guarantee of bandwidth availability that is 24x7. You have a DEDICATED circuit, not a shared circuit. I would put a 1.5mb T1 on a dedicated circuit up against a 6 mb DSL on a shared circuit any day of the week and I would win. And you have guaranteed response time if a problem occurs, where you have 24x7 access to the technical support desk in case of a problem.

Use a first or top tier carrier that owns their network. Although you may get a lower price from a second or third tier carrier, you will pay for it in service, in billing inaccuracies, and other problems. There is one well known second tier carrier who installed a "T1" line for a customer, but that customer, looking at it carefully, discovered they had actually installed a DSL circuit. First and top tier carriers cannot afford to play that kind of game.

If you are betting your business's success in large part on the stability of your Internet connection, why gamble with fire by choosing a technology such as DSL or cable that is "iffy" at best with zero guarantees? Do you provide your employees with birch bark and charcoal to save money, or pads and pens? The latter of course because it is more productive for them. The same analogy can be applied to DSL or cable versus T1. Yes a T1 line costs more, but your business operations and productivity will experience great gains, you will have an order of magnitude more reliability, and you will also have an upgrade path as your business grows that typically cannot even be met with DSL or cable.

Are you wondering about upgrading your business to a T1 line, or perhaps even a bonded T1, DS3, or Ethernet connection, in order to get rid of the unreliability and instability of DSL or cable? We represent about 30 first tier and top tier carriers, and based on the volume of business we provide to them each month, they allow us to guarantee that the prices we quote you are the lowest price that they will offer a circuit for, which we guarantee. For a quote on a T1 Line and more information, please visit our web site at

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How They Work - Dial-Up, DSL, Cable and Satellite Internet

Are you planning on having a new internet connection installed in your home or business? It's important to know how each of the most common forms of internet work in order to make an informed decision when purchasing one. Let's go through them, and we'll talk about some of the advantages and disadvantages along the way.

1. Dial-up

Yes, these types of connections still exist. In fact, most of the people living in rural areas of the U.S. found themselves limited to this one option for many years, until satellite internet began to gain popularity. These areas typically aren't served by faster land connections, such as cable or DSL, due to small populations and low demand. However, dial-up internet is available anywhere there is a phone line. No additional infrastructure or special wiring for the line is needed. Dial-up actually uses a phone number, often the home phone, to establish an internet connection. Cue the screeching connection sound that we are all familiar with. Dial-up is the slowest of all internet connections.

2. DSL

Using the exact same type of phone line as dial-up, DSL is able to process information faster because it is transmitted on a higher, separated frequency of the line. DSL is always faster than a dial-up connection, but is generally outperformed by cable broadband connections. DSL speeds are also typically slower than satellite broadband, but DSL has the advantage that its signal remains connected during storms - unlike satellite. People with DSL connections tend to have them, even though faster technology is available, since it often comes as a package deal with their phone service.

3. Cable broadband

Instead of working through phone lines, as its name suggests, cable broadband is transmitted through cable wires. Similar to the way DSL functions within a phone line, the cable internet signal is separated from the television signal. Cable is generally considered the fastest of the four types mentioned here. Many people choose this option not only because of its speed, but also because it is generally offered in a package with cable television.

4. Satellite broadband

Satellite technology works the most differently from the other types of internet connections mentioned above. It works very similarly to satellite TV, in that satellites orbiting the Earth at low altitudes receive and transmit internet signals. One must have the appropriate satellite dish mounted above or nearby the home. Satellite is often used by people who would like a faster connection that dial-up, but who live in areas where high-speed landline connections - such as cable or DSL - do not provide service. Satellite speeds are typically faster than DSL, but slower than cable. Lastly, satellite technology is the only one with long-distance mobile capabilities. A satellite internet dish can be placed on top of an RV or even a yacht and receive signal anywhere in the world.

Do your research well and buy the right internet for you and your home. But keep in mind that if you live in a rural area where cable and DSL are unavailable, you're much better off with a satellite connection than dial-up.

For all your satellite internet needs, the best deals and the best service can be found from the friendly professionals of HughesNet satellite.

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Why Choose a Wireless DSL Modem?

In today's world of constant connections, where people are getting more and more mobile every day, the old "tied to the wall" dialup modem of yesterday just doesn't cut it anymore. But there are many options available to connect to the online world - how do you choose the right one to keep up with your lifestyle, while still being cost effective?

When it comes to DSL modems, you have three basic options. ADSL modems, cable DSL modems, and wireless DSL modems.

ADSL modems connect through your traditional phone line, so they require a telephone connection nearby. The advantage of ADSL is that you'll never be sharing bandwidth with others in your neighborhood, but because most companies will limit your bandwidth anyhow, you won't see much faster speeds.

Cable DSL modems connect through your cable line, allowing you to stay connected to the internet constantly. The big disadvantage is, if you don't already have a cable connection near your computer, you will have to wait for your cable company to come and install both the connection and your modem for you.

Wireless DSL modems connect using the wireless network that providers are constructing around the world. They operate through radio frequency, just like your cell phone, but have much faster speeds than most cellular networks.

All offer comparable cost, both up front and in monthly service charges. And the capability of most home networks and home computers means that your speed and capabilities will be the same with all of them.

So how do you choose? Which one has the real advantage?

Wireless DSL modems do! Wireless DSL modems have one option that no other modem can offer. They can go absolutely anywhere within a wireless coverage area, and still connect to the internet.

No more plugging your modem in to the phone line, or waiting forever for the cable company to install a connection near your computer. Just plug in the power, turn on your computer, and you're ready to go! Wireless DSL modems are an especially good option for people in more rural areas, where traditional ADSL & Cable DSL may not be available. Many wireless networks are expanding into rural areas, making it the best option against slow dialup or costly satellite internet providers.

With your wireless modem, you can travel anywhere within your provider's network and still have internet access. You also have the benefit of having a built in wireless network with your modem, so laptops and other mobile devices can connect automatically just by plugging your modem into the wall - no other wires required!

Wireless internet is becoming more and more common in today's mobile age - and with the wireless DSL routers available today, there is no reason you can't stay connected, even on the go!

Shawn has been writing articles online for nearly 4 years now. Not only does this author specialize in diet, fitness, recipes and weight loss, you can also check out his latest website on DSL Wireless Modems which reviews and lists the best Westell DSL Modems.

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Broadband DSL Compared to Cable Modems

The speed of incoming and outgoing internet computer data can vary between broadband DSL and cable modems. Understanding how cable modems operate in comparison to DSL provides a better understanding of why broadband DSL is the preferred choice in broadband technology.

Cable modem internet service is used mainly in residential settings rather than for business use because it is usually offered as a package deal with cable television programming. Cable programming uses separate channels within one main cable for television broadcasting, outgoing internet computer data
from subscribers, and incoming internet computer data to subscribers in specific locations. Unlike DSL, all cable television and internet subscribers in a specific location share the same cable to and from the provider. This means that every cable subscriber sharing that single cable also share bandwidth. The speed of internet service via a cable modem doesn't depend on
the distance to and from the provider. It depends on the number of other subscribers on the same cable who are using the internet simultaneously.

Broadband DSL allows subscribers to use the same telephone line for telephone communication and internet access. Broadband DSL uses frequencies that go way beyond the frequency range of regular telephone service, so data transfer speed with DSL is considerably greater than other options. Unlike cable modem
internet service, the speed of broadband DSL depends on the distance the provider is to the DSL subscriber and connection speed chosen by that DSL subscriber. DSL is generally faster than broadband cable modem service because of greater amounts of bandwidth availability. Broadband DSL is a dedicated internet link that can be counted on for speed and reliability.

DSL is clearly the best choice of broadband technology for the general public as well as businesses relying on fast connections and internet downloads. Internet users can rely on broadband DSL for faster internet browsing, game plays, and emailing, as well as all other internet-based activities.

Robert Thatcher is a freelance author based in Cupertino, California. He publishes articles and reports in various ezines and contributes on a regular basis to

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Compare Cable vs. DSL

Okay, so you are finally tired of those slow dial-up internet connections, and you want to go broadband. Good deal. But first, you may be wondering which type of broadband connection is best- DSL or Cable? Or, at least, which of the two gives you more speed for the price? Here we take a look at these two popular broadband connections and try to determine which one is better: DSL vs. Cable.

Cable Speed vs. DSL

The most common question that comes up is which type of connection is faster, DSL or Cable? To answer this, it is important to compare both upload and download speeds. Now, so you have something to compare these speeds to, your average dial-up connection is about 28 - 56 Kbps. Most often, however, you won't be able to get 56k through dial up, as most services can not handle this speed.

The average speed of a DSL download is 1.0 - 1.5Mbps. That's megabytes per second - about 20 times as fast as the fastest dial-up connection. This is fast, but consider Cable, which can give you up to 2 - 3Mbps. Thus, at least for downloading, cable can give you almost twice the speed of DSL - that's impressive. On the upload side, however, cable and DSL are pretty evenly matched. They both provide about 100Kbps - 400Kbps. It seems that cable has won this battle.

What about Price and Quality of Service?

There is more to discuss here besides the speed of the connections. Take price for one. Cable and DSL connections are both going to be more expensive than dial-up. But, DSL seems to be the cheaper of the two at the moment. You can get a good DSL internet connection for about $35 - $45 per month. Cable modem will cost you about $45 or $50 (this price may be included in a cable TV package). These prices, however, are really close and they change almost from month to month.

DSL is nice because you can talk on the phone and be online at the same time. In addition, business-level DSL service provides guaranteed data rates, so your connection speed is never a surprise. On the other hand, DSL speed tends to decrease the further you are away from the data center, and it is typically not as widely available as Cable. Cable speeds are not dependent on distance from the data center, and is occasionally cheaper than DSL when included in a cable TV rate. A cable modem, however, may require costly professional installation, and there may exists some limitations on downloads and uploads. All of these factors should be taken into consideration when choosing either broadband service.

Bradley James is a senior editor at, a website containing many helpful consumer electronics review articles. For more information on DSL and Cable technology, please visit our DSL vs Cable webpage.

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Even Cheap DSL Service is a Smarter Choice Than Cable

Computers, and even more so, the Internet, have become an integral part of everyday life. Cable Internet and DSL providers have completely changed, even revolutionized, the way we do things. Whether it's communicating with email, watching the latest movie trailers, or conducting international business, broadband Internet has changed the way we interact with the world.

The speed of Internet connections have come along in the past decade. I remember using dial up service to get online, with it's annoying dialing sounds, that deafening blare of static, and finally a new, and unreliable, connection to the world. Dial up service promised us a view of thoughts and images from anywhere around the world, as long as it was text, or small graphics. Let's face it; it was love at first blaring hiss despite the limitations. Then computers started producing better graphics, sound, and even video. To keep up the techies invented broadband. When I got Verizon DSL I could actually talk online with someone in China, for free!

Soon, more methods of connecting became available. We suddenly had cheap DSL service and the more expensive cable modem service. And then the broadband speed hype set in. While DSL offered a plenty fast connection for surfing the web, cable Internet providers were telling us the "super high speed" connection offered with cable modem service was clearly the epitome of what the world desired.

Face it, we live in chaos; constant hustle and bustle. This makes broadband Internet ideal for businesses, schools and even homes. We want what everything and we want it now! And cable Internet providers were going to convince us they had far more "now" than DSL providers offered. I initially bought into the hype and started looking for a cable modem service provider. My research led to me doing, as Napster says, the math; and the math for DSL vs cable modem service makes cable providers look like highway robbers.

A huge downside to cable Internet is the price, which typically runs 43% to 187% higher than its competitors, the DSL providers. Unfortunately, this has not put a damper on cable Internet's success, and that's why I'm writing this article. The fact is, much of what we desire the speed for is our online banking so we don't have to deal with the hectic lines at the bank, or to surf the millions of websites for gifts at the lowest prices possible, or simply to send an email, all of which actually require very little speed. While there is a large advantage to using broadband over dial up service for doing this, there is virtually no advantage to using the highest speed cable Internet connection vs DSL, even at the cheap DSL service speed of 768Kbps, to do the sorts of activities on the web mentioned above.

Cable Internet doesn't even have that much of an advantage concerning video feeds and downloads. The math, which I deal with in my article, DSL vs Cable Internet [], shows that there is very little extra wait, even for extremely large files, using DSL instead of cable Internet. For a glimpse of what I describe, on a huge 25MB file, cheap DSL service of 768Kbps takes only 3.3 minutes longer to download than using a 6.0Mbps cable modem service. And if you are an extremely impatient person that thinks 3 minutes is forever I have two things for you to think about.

First, with 3.0Mbps DSL service you will only wait 1/2 second more for that huge 25MB file than with 6.0Mbps cable modem service.

Second, modern browsers and media players buffer only a portion of large media files before you begin watching or listening. Even with 768Kbps Verizon DSL the extra wait is seconds, not minutes, before you begin to enjoy your downloading media compared to cable Internet.

So, even for those of us who like to view the latest movie trailers or download a music video, we can use cheap DSL service and still enjoy the experience; maybe even more than our cable modem service counterparts considering the extra $28 per month we have for a movie or dinner out.

Don't believe the commercials being played by cable providers showing people waiting and waiting on their DSL service. It just isn't true. Read the article linked above and you'll see you WILL NOT face the burden of a slow connection speed, hindering your placing of a bid fast enough, and causing you to lose an item because DSL service is too slow, like the cable companies want you to believe. These are dilemmas faced with dial up service that none of us with broadband Internet service face; be it cable Internet or cheap DSL service. What is true, based on how much time you actually save, is in the current pricing environment you will pay far more for your cable modem service than it is worth compared to DSL service.

J Andrew Morrison is a writer, inverntor, and online merchandiser of products and services. He is fighting the fight for competitive broadband cable pricing at DSL not Cable [] and You can watch his online adventure unfold at 1095 to Success, A 3 Year Adventure

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What Flavor Bandwidth is Right For You - DSL, T1, DS3, Other?

What is a viable choice for your business network backbone? Is it DSL, cable, T1, DS3, or something else?

Ok, is a T1 a viable choice? Yes, due to geographic locations where DSL/Cable is not available.

As far as other flavors? Well a DS-3 is a viable options when fiber is not run to the location and therefore a copper circuit is still required.

Voice T1s/PRIs are still viable choices.

If the organization is large enough, then a T1 for backup would be a viable option.

DSL and Cable (when available) or good choices for very small businesses that do not run specific servers.

As fiber is built out to more locations, copper circuits sales will continue to decline.

At the enterprise level, most phone companies will not bond more than two DS3s (around 88Mbps), when you could have Gig-E Internet if the location is fiber lit.

DSL vs. T1 - depends how far away you are from the central office whether DSL is a viable alternative

Cable vs. T1 - depends on how many people are running off of node. Cable company may state 8M/1M but the actual speed may be 4M/384K, ah the wonders of

FiOS vs. T1 - FiOS will win everytime. 20M/20M business FiOS is around $150/month? NxT1s can not compete with that. Of course this is limited to Verizon footprint and FiOS availability.

To really zero in on what you actually need (notice I didn't say "want" ) ...... ask yourself these questions:

Do you require the line to be confidential?
What is the maximum acceptable outage you can handle for this line?
Does the pipe size meet your requirements and allow for future growth?
What kind of support do you want for the line?
What kind of money do you want to spend?

If you require the line to be confidential, you could use either a T1 or a VPN over cheaper media.

The uptime of a T1 will generally be greater than that of a lesser service because you're paying for a dedicated circuit. Most providers offer credits when the service is down, so you are not charged when the circuit is not usable. Compare that to lesser services.

A T1 can send and receive 1.544 Mbps concurrently (really 1.536), depending on your location, other services have probably surpassed this: FiOS, Comcast Cable

T1 support is generally much better and more personalized than a lesser service, because you're paying for a dedicated line.

T1 pricing can be somewhat expensive compared to lesser services. But .... this is NOT always the case.

Please note that I call anything non-dedicated "lesser" because it essentially is a lower quality of service you are receiving.

In the end .... do your homework. Making a decision based on anything other than sound business analysis will get you into trouble. Don't buy on your emotion, a friend's advice, or a vendors pitch and hype. Answer the questions above and focus on what makes business sense.

Michael is the owner of FreedomFire Communications....including Michael also authors Broadband Nation where you're always welcome to drop in and catch up on the latest BroadBand news, tips, insights, and ramblings for the masses.

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DSL Vs Cable - Which is Better?

DSL vs. Cable:

Are you still using dial-up Internet access, and desire to upgrade to a high speed broadband connection? Or perhaps you've recently moved to a new area and need to order high speed Internet service?

Now you are faced with a dilemma, which should I choose DSL or Cable Internet service?

Several factors come into play in choosing the right high speed Internet service provider; I have listed a few below.

Physical Location:

A lot depends on your location, DSL (Digital Subscriber Line) is only available a limited distance from the local phone company's central office. High speed cable Internet is generally available anywhere the cable provider offers cable TV services.

Connection Speeds:

Broadband cable Internet connection speeds are usually faster. Newer DOCSIS 3.0 cable modems can provide up to 100Mbps download speeds. These blazing speeds aren't yet available in most areas, but it's coming soon. Cable download speed will vary, and is limited by the number of users sharing the bandwidth, and by the tier of service you purchase from the cable provider. DSL speeds don't fluctuate like cable but will be limited by the quality of the connection and the service package that you purchase.

Monthly Cost:

In most local markets where both DSL & cable Internet access are available, pricing will be pretty competitive between the two, usually around $20 to $60 per month. Pricing also depends on other factors such as bundled services from the provider and Internet package connection speed. Most cable and DSL providers offer several tiers of service with costs increasing as speed, performance, and packaged extras such as an Internet security suite are added.


There is really no clear cut answer to the debate of DSL vs. Cable, it really depends on what's available in your local market and your personal high speed Internet access needs and desires. I would personally recommend that you research the broadband Internet services that are available in your local area and make an informed decision on the broadband package that is just right for you or your family.

You can compare DSL vs Cable broadband Internet options and choose a high speed Internet package that you'll be satisfied with using the ISP 1 broadband comparison list:

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The Difference Between DSL, Cable, and Satellite Internet Broadband

If you are still using a dial-up service to connect to the Internet, by this time you have probably reached a level of frustration somewhere between being fed up and pulling your own hair out. If this is your case, it is high time you made the transition to one of the high-speed services out there these days. These include wired connections like DSL and cable, as well as wireless options, such as satellite Internet broadband. But which one should you choose? To help you decide, here is a description of each type and difference between them.

If you have started to do a little research yourself, you may have noticed the term "broadband" being used a lot and might be a little bit confused about what it means. Well, this can actually be a useful keyword to look for when shopping around, since all it really means is high-speed. If something is not considered broadband, you probably do not want it. However, within what is considered broadband you still have quite a few different options, and they can vary a great deal.

DSL, cable, and high-speed satellite Internet are all broadband options that will give you Internet access that is many, many times faster than what you are now getting with dial-up. DSL and cable broadband are the most popular of the three, especially among people who live in cities. This is because the speed of DSL and cable connections depends on how close you are to your local telephone or cable provider, respectively.

DSL service uses the phone lines that are already present in your home or office. In this way, DSL is similar to dial-up. However, unlike dial-up, getting online via a DSL connection does not interfere with your ability to receive phone calls at the same time. This allows for the "always-on" feature that is common to all broadband options. Having the always-on feature means that you don't have to go through the process of logging onto the Internet every time you want to check your email or surf the web.

If you live quite far from your local phone provider, you will not be able to enjoy the fastest speeds available through a DSL connection. If this is you, cable might be a better option. Cable broadband is provided by the same company that provides cable TV in your area. Depending on where you are, DSL and cable are pretty much neck and neck in terms of which is the fastest overall. But if your home or office is not located within reach of the terrestrial wires required to hook up your computer to one of these connection, satellite Internet can be a very good alternative.

Even though it is not quite as fast as DSL and cable, average satellite broadband speeds greatly exceed the fastest dial-up speeds. And you can get satellite Internet anywhere in the northern hemisphere that has an open view of the southern sky. This makes it great for people living in rural places who are otherwise unable to take advantage of advances in telecommunications technology.

Say goodbye to the slow speeds of dial-up and say hello satellite Internet. With hughes internet, a leader among satellite internet providers, you'll get reliable service at lightning-fast speeds.

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High-Speed Differences - DSL, Cable Broadband and Satellite Broadband

If you are looking to have high-speed internet set up in your home or business, make sure you know what all your options are. Admittedly, it's hard to keep up with all the technological advances in internet connections over the last decade or so. So, let's refresh your memory by going over the three main high-speed connection types: DSL, cable broadband and satellite broadband. We will break down the pros and cons of each along the way.

This connection is similar to the old school dial-up modem connections, in that they both use a phone line to transmit and receive information. However, DSL processes information at faster speeds than dial-up because it uses a higher, separated frequency of the phone line. Obviously, DSL is faster than a dial-up connection, but is typically considered the slowest of the three high-speed connections. DSL does not have to dial-up like its predecessor. It maintains a continuous connection. While there is no real advantage of DSL over cable broadband - other than, perhaps, cheaper price - it holds an advantage over satellite internet, in that it doesn't lose signal like satellite does in inclement weather. Lastly, the people who choose DSL over the faster cable do so because it often comes as a part of their phone service in a package deal.

Cable Broadband
Cable broadband is similar to DSL because they are both transmitted over landlines, unlike satellite. The cable signal is separated from the television signal in the cable line, kind of like the separation of data between phone service and DSL. Cable broadband is considered by most experts to be the most efficient and fastest of the three mentioned here. It has a reliable constant connection and transmits information at almost instantaneous speeds. You can download a song in under a minute. Cable is sought after for its speeds, but many people have it simply because it comes in a package with their cable television.

Satellite Broadband
While the first two types of connections have some similarities, satellite technology works quite differently. Like satellite TV, it uses satellites that orbit the Earth at low altitudes. These satellites transmit and receive broadband internet signals to and from dishes all across the planet. All that is required to receive signal is a satellite dish mounted above your home. Satellite is typically used by people who live in locations where high-speed landline connections are not provided, due to low population and small demand. While satellite's speeds are usually slower than those of cable, they are generally faster than those of DSL.

It's important to be informed of all your choices when purchasing an internet connection, especially since you will have to sign a contract. Remember that dial-up is not an option. While it may be dirt cheap, its snail-like speeds will end up driving you insane. Also, keep in mind that there are areas where DSL and cable broadband aren't available. If you live in one of those remote areas, satellite broadband is the only way to go.

If you live in one of those aforementioned rural areas, hughesnet internet may just be your best option. Or perhaps you can't find a good deal on other services in your area. hughs net offers low monthly rates and free installation.

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Broadband Choices - Is DSL, Cable, Or Satellite Internet For You?

If you are one of the unfortunate people who are still using slow-speed dial-up service to connect to the Internet, you are probably starting to feel a bit like Tom Cruise's character in Top Gun, who feels "the need for speed." Fortunately, there are several options for you to choose from when it comes to satisfying this need. Here is a little information about the differences between DSL, cable, and Satellite Internet, to help you decide which is right for you.

The term "broadband" refers to any connection with a large, or "broad," bandwidth. The broader the bandwidth, the faster information can travel across it, and broadband Internet connections represent the fastest Internet connections available today. So if you are really serious about increasing your Internet speed, trade in your dial-up service for one of these broadband choices: broadband DSL, broadband cable, or satellite broadband.

One of the most popular choices among broadband Internet connections is DSL broadband. DSL technology transmits Internet signals across the same phone lines that your house is already equipped with and is one of the fastest options that exist. However, just because you have a landline in your home, it does not mean that you will necessarily have access to the lightning-fast speeds that DSL service can deliver. The same telephone companies that provide residential landline service provide DSL service. The farther your house is from the central office of your local telephone company, the weaker your DSL service will be. So if you do not live close to your local telephone company, you will not be able to enjoy the maximum speeds that broadband DSL is capable of.

Another wired high-speed option that is also very popular is cable broadband service. Similarly to how broadband DSL service is provided by your local phone company, broadband cable service comes from your local cable TV company. Unlike with broadband DSL service, though, the speed of broadband cable service does not depend on how close you live to your local cable company. However, it does depend on the amount of traffic a given cable network is receiving. If there are a lot of people trying to connect at the same time, cable networks can get clogged up and connections can slow down like streets and traffic during rush hour.

There are some rural and remote locations where the wires needed to deliver DSL and cable services are not available. If you live in such a place, do not worry. There is still a third broadband option that is available to you. This service is satellite Internet broadband, which is available anywhere in the northern hemisphere where you have a clear, unobstructed view of the southern sky. Satellite broadband service, though not as fast as the fastest DSL and cable connections, can still reach speeds up to fifty times faster than average dial-up connections can reach. Satellite broadband speeds do not depend on distance from your service provider or network traffic-since there are no wires involved, your satellite dish basically gives you your own network all to yourself. What can hinder satellite speeds, though, are extreme weather conditions.

If you decide that satellite is the best broadband option for you, contact hughes to sign up for a subscription. With satelite internet, you get the service you need, no matter where you live.

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To Cable, Or To DSL - That Is The Question!

Tired of your slow dial-up connection maybe it's time for something faster! How about DSL, or maybe Cable? Both are much faster than a dial-up connection, and DSL right now is starting at around what dial-up costs. So let’s take some time and see what exactly the difference is and which one will suit your needs.

This is all based on my experience in working in the business for almost seven years and using both services. First, DSL which stands for Digital Subscriber Line comes into your home via the phone lines which make installation a breeze in that most homes have a phone jack in every room.

Your local DSL provider sends you a DSL modem, filters, Ethernet cable, and an installation disk. The modem is connected to the phone jack in the wall and there's an Ethernet cable that connects the modem to the computer. The filters go on the phone lines you use for your phones. Since your DSL operates at a higher frequency than your normal phone call they can coexist on the same line. The filters help to keep the buzzing noise down when making calls. Now a day’s most computers come with Ethernet cards built in. After everything’s connected power up the modem and throw in the CD!

Now your broadband cable is a little different in that it uses a Cable modem and comes into your home via a Coaxial cable from the pole outside. Now here's the hiccup in my opinion older homes at least don't have a cable jack in every room so some additional installation my be required, or using a wireless router could make things easier. Usually your Cable Company will bring the cable into the room where your computer resides. Connect a coaxial cable from the jack to the Cable modem and connect the Ethernet cable from the modem to the computer. Power up the modem and throw in the CD!

Performance for raw speed is Cable as long as you don't have a neighbor that is downloading everything under the sun from morning till night! DSL is a more dedicated connection not being shared like Cable. DSL is limited to 15,000 feet from the Company, so call for availability. Both services work extremely well and blow dial-up away! You can email me at and also
check out my website at []

I have been an owner of a small ISP/WISP for over six years. I enjoy working with computers and setting up wireless networks. My greatest distance for a point-to-point wireless connection was 45.9 miles for a local TV station. http://www.dsl-cable-broadband []

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Cable Vs. DSL - Which is Better?

As broadband Internet becomes more mainstream, one of the most common questions we get is: which is better, cable or dsl?

The answer to that question is not so definite. Many factors come into play when deciding which high-speed connection to choose. Regardless of which you choose (DSL, Cable, or even Satellite) it's going to be a ton better (and faster) than that ancient dialup modem you've been using. Not to mention, your Internet experience will be much more enjoyable.

DSL (Digital Subscriber Line)

Just like your existing dialup modem, DSL uses your existing copper wire phone line to deliver data at high speed. To qualify for DSL, you need the following:

- a phone line

- a DSL modem (which normally comes with the service)

- an Ethernet card or an available USB port ( most DSL modems allow both connections, but Ethernet is recommended).

- a phone company (ISP) that is offering DSL service (e.g., Verizon)

One important factor that will influence your DSL connection is the distance between your home or office and the phone company's central office. The farther away you are from the central office, the signal becomes weaker, thus a slower connection. With that said, DSL is not as available widespread compared to cable. You'll need to contact your local phone provider to check availability.

Speed wise, depending on the package you choose, DSL can range from 128 kbps to 3 Mbps. Generally, the faster your connection the more expensive your service will be. You can expect to pay around $25-$30 a month for a 768 kbps connection, which is roughly 13 times faster than a 56k dialup modem.


- Relatively cheaper than cable

- Dedicated line, so speeds are almost guaranteed

- You can talk on the phone at the same time while surfing the net


- Slower speeds compared to cable

- Speeds drop the farther away your home/office is from the central office

- Not available in all areas

Cable Internet

Cable Internet gets our recommendation. Cable, which you can probably already tell, uses the coaxial cable that your television uses. To qualify for cable internet, you need the following:

- a cable modem ( which normally comes with the service)

- an Ethernet card or an available USB port (most cable modems allow both connections, but Ethernet is recommended)

- a cable company offering cable Internet (e.g., Adelphia)

Unlike DSL, cable Internet does not depend on the distance between your home or office and the central office. However, unlike DSL, cable connections are typically shared among your neighbors. Although, most cable companies provide pipelines with huge bandwidth that this rarely becomes an issue.

Speed wise, cable Internet typically ranges from 3 Mbps to 10 Mbps, up to 3-4 times faster than DSL. However, expect to pay more for the service - $40-$50 per month.


- Faster speeds than DSL

- More widespread than DSL

- Distance does not affect speed


- More expensive than DSL

- Line is shared with other users

With all that said, you need to think about what type of user you are. If you are a heavy Internet user and downloader, you would highly benefit from a broadband connection. For the light users who use the Internet just to check emails, are probably better off with a dialup. However, if you are willing to splurge some cash on a broadband connection, then by all means, upgrade!

Mark Pascua is the webmaster of [], a computer how-to and tips website.

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DSL, Cable, Satellite, Or 4G - Comparison For Broadband Internet Service and HDTV

Telephone, Internet, and TV service are now routinely bundled by service providers. It is convenient to have a single supplier and one bill a month. With the availability of VoIP (Voice over Internet Protocol), the lines between the different services have blurred further.

Broadband Internet service (High Speed) for residential or small business requirements has usually been available from two sources: DSL, a system that piggybacked on the telephone wiring from the telephone company, or Cable, a system that similarly piggybacked on the cable TV wiring. In 2008, about 25 million customers utilized cable broadband, and about 22 million customers utilized DSL. In 2001, a total of about 5 million customers used either cable broadband or DSL.

For most people the TV coaxial cable has offered better performance than DSL, but if you were highly price conscious, then the DSL cable may have been competitive. So, in a discussion of broadband choices, we should include cable and DSL, but we will also discuss new options that are now available like WildBlue satellite, and services that will soon be available like WiMax (WiFi with a city-wide hot-spot) and ViaSat (satellite communications on steroids).

The Impact of Video Downloads (especially HDTV):

Despite the relatively small number of users, research indicates that systems such as BitTorrent and YouTube account for more than half of all Internet traffic. In 1995 the total amount of data transacted over the Internet backbone was about 1.5 million GB. By 2006, this had grown to over 700 million GB.

ABI Research projects that the number of video downloads to increase from 215 million downloads this year (2008) to 2.4 billion downloads in 2012. This number becomes more impressive when one takes into account that a much higher per cent of those downloads in 2012 will be HDTV files, which are much larger (A non HDTV movie is approximately 3 GB/Hour, HDTV file size is dependent on encoding: an MPEG-4 encoded HDTV movie file size is approximately 5 GB/Hour, an unencoded 1280 X 720 movie file size is over 150 GB/Hour, and an unencoded 1920 X 1080 movie file size is over 350 GB/Hour).

By 2010, forecasts call for 80-90% of Internet traffic to be video transfer.

Cable and the Phone Companies (DSL):

Cable broadband is capable of about 30 MBPS of bandwidth, however, speed can vary. Unfortunately, the measurement in real-world conditions can be more complicated. If many people in your neighborhood use the same broadband service as you, and those people use a lot of bandwidth, for video downloads for example, then you will be sharing some resources, and your performance will suffer. Most service providers offer service with between 3-6 MBPS bandwidth for downloads. Upload bandwidth is lower: usually between 200-600 KBPS.

Median DSL speed in the U.S. is 768 KBPS. One type of DSL technology, VDSL, is capable of 30 MBPS bandwidth, but this service is not widely available. Instead, telephone companies more commonly offer ADSL or SDSL services (cheaper and slower).

Both Cable Broadband and DSL service providers commonly employ bandwidth caps for residential and small business customers. Service providers concerned about the overall capability of their network may institute the capacity constraints so that they can provide equal performance to all of their customers.

Cable and the Phone Companies HDTV:

Verizon is building fiber-optic networks that will be capable of broadcasting handle 200+ HDTV channels in addition to all of the conventional TV channels.

Most cable operators have enough available bandwidth for only about 10-12 HDTV channels without a major retooling of their networks.

WiMax and LTE:

In major metropolitan areas in the U.S., WiMax should available late in 2008. Sprint will make its commercial WiMAX debut in Baltimore in September. WiMax supports peak data speeds of about 20 MBPS, but, as with most broadband technologies, that bandwidth will be shared amongst users. On average, a user will see data rates between 1 MBPS and 4 MBPS.

Most major wireless carriers are skipping WiMax, planning instead to build out networks using a similar technology called Long Term Evolution (LTE), a successor to current cellular technology. WiMax has a head start on LTE, which won't be ready until 2010. These two technologies are referred to as 4G networks (Current state of the art mobile phone technology for accessing the Internet is called 3G). If mobile broadband service is important to you, these products will be very attractive. Unlike rivals GSM and CDMA, both 4G networks are based on "Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing" (OFDM), also sometimes referred to as "discrete multi-tone modulation". Since both LTE and WiMax are based on similar technology, a unified standard is possible in theory, and discussions are ongoing. Motorola has said 85% of the technology and work for WiMax equipment will be reused in its designs for LTE equipment.

WiMAX and LTE can deliver large amounts of bandwidth operating at the low power levels necessary for mobile devices. Another advantage of WiMax/LTE is its ability to communicate out of line-of-sight (unlike conventional WiFi), and to communicate into large buildings, in theory making dropped calls, typical of today's cell phones, a thing of the past. A company called MobiTV will utilize the WiMAX network for the broadcast of TV, including HDTV. VoIP (telephone service) has already been deployed on WiMAX networks in other parts of the world.

Satellite Broadband:

Also newly introduced into the Broadband market, is WildBlue Satellite. This broadband service does not require a phone or cable line. WildBlue Satellite broadband service offers download/upload speeds starting at just $50 per month (512 kbps download speed with upload speed up to 128 kbps), or $80 per month (1.5 Mbps download speed and uploads up to 256 kbps). For those living in areas not well served by Cable Broadband and DSL, this is an attractive alternative. iNetVu offers a portable system for vehicles.

A very powerful new satellite, Viasat-1, will launch in 2011. This satellite will greatly improve the competitiveness of satellite in this field. ViaSat-1 has a total throughput capability of over 100 Gb/second, which is more capacity than the current American fleet of two-way C, Ka, and Ku band satellites combined. In 2010, a similar service will be launed in Europe by Ka-Sat.

Both WildBlue and ViaSat terminals use a networking technology that uses satellite bandwidth more efficiently, called DOCSIS (Data Over Cable Service Interface Specifications), lowering the cost of Internet service to consumers. The terminals include satellite modems and Ka band transceivers. DOCSIS has the ability to address "rain fade", a reduction in signal that is caused by heavy cloud cover, like during a thunderstorm. DOCSIS automatically responds to a reduced signal caused by atmospheric conditions with variable power control and data encoding techniques.

ViaSat-1 will offer more than a 10X increase in the capacity with frequency reuse by utilizing a technique called "SpotBeams" (WildBlue also uses SpotBeams). The high throughout of ViaSat-1 makes it ideal for transmitting new video applications requiring ultra high bit rates such as HDTV, HD digital cinema, and 3D TV. Spotbeams can be compared to a searchlight. SpotBeams focus a signal on an area 100 to 200 miles across. Thge same frequencies can be be reused many time, but for a different focus area.

WildBlue and ViaSat are geosynchronous satellites. A geosynchronous satellite remains above the same spot on the earth by orbiting at approximately 36,000 kilometers above the equator. Your signal must do a round-trip, and the minimum time for such a trip is about 1/4 second.

Satellite HDTV:

While HDTV local channels are more available on cable than satellite, DirecTV and the Dish Network each offer more national HDTV channels. DirecTV offers about 60 national HDTV channels and the Dish Network has about 50 HDTV channels. DirecTV and EchoStar plan additional satellites to offer at least 150 national HD channels, as well as local stations in HDTV.

"Satellite's going to be constrained not so much by how many channels they can carry than by how many they can get," Bob Scherman, Satellite Business News.

By 2010, it is projected that 60% of TV receivers will use a Satellite signal, up from 15% in 2002.

Median DSL speed in the U.S. is 768 KBPS.
Median Internet speed over Cable broadband is about 4.5 MBPS.
WildBlue service is approximately 500 KBPS.
WiMax service will be between 1 MBPS and 4 MBPS.
ViaSat-1 service (2011) will be about 2 MBPS.

HDTV service is currently more fully served by the satellite TV companies like DirectV and Dish Network. New systems being implemented by Verizon, or perhaps a thorough retooling by local cable TV operators will offer the best competition.

The supply of HDTV and Broadband service in the U.S. is currently fragmented from the satellite industry. Both may be available from local retailers, but a unified system is lacking. This compares poorly to Europe and EutelSat, which will launch Ka-Sat in 2010 (Ka-Sat is very similar to ViaSat-1, discussed above), and install this satellite in a satellite "neighborhood", so that a single system will receive both the TV signals from their HotBird satellite system, and receive high performance broadband from Ka-Sat. This is unfortunate for U.S. consumers.

Currently, over 90% of customers of broadband services utilize either cable broadband or DSL. However, new worthy competition is entering the fray, and it will be difficult for those services to maintain their market share.

About the Author: Brian Bradshaw is a Certified Technical Specialist (InfoComm CTS). Areas of expertise include Video, Audio, Computation, HDTV, Satellite Systems, and Communications. He has a communications technology business in Plano, Texas (Dallas). More information can be found at his Website:

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Friday, May 7, 2010

Painting Tips and Tricks - How to Paint Over Wallpaper

It always creates excitement when you plan to decorate or improve a room especially if you personally use the area. But before putting any furniture or appliances, you consider the background of all: the wall. If the room is not brand new, it's either the wall needs repainting or there's old, rugged wallpaper that needs a complete overhaul. Now, you checked the entire wall and found you out that there's old-fashioned wallpaper that is almost impossible to remove or you would only damage the wall. Your last resort is to paint over wallpaper but imagining the paint roller or brush kissing the rugged wall screams that the result could be no better because you knew it is not easy to paint wall like that. So before heading to a paint store, consider the following tips on how to paint over wallpaper:

o Clean the entire room - get rid of obstacles, probably by putting all furniture on one side of the room then put old newspapers to protect the floors. Although you're interested to know how to paint over wallpaper, staining the floor is probably the last thing you wanted to do.

o Ensure proper ventilation - the need for proper ventilation is always present whenever there is a painting job. Whether you need a guide on how to paint over wallpaper or how to mix paints to achieve a desired color, make sure your working area is well-ventilated to allow fast-drying of paint as well as promote oxygen for the health of your lungs.

o Repair loose wallpaper - If you can't totally remove the wallpaper, let it stay but work on the areas that needs a repair. Remove loose papers without forcing the really sticky ones. Check on the edges and use wallpaper glue to paste them down. Sand down rough areas using sandpaper. Wipe clean the entire wall with a damp cloth to remove dirt.

o Apply oil-based primer - The key step on how to paint over wallpaper is applying a primer. A primer prepares the wall by creating the smoothest surface possible making it perfect for paints. However, don't use water-based primer as it will only loosen paper from the walls. Also, don't even think to use water-based primer to completely remove old wallpaper as it will not only remove the wallpaper, it may the damage the wall as well. There is nothing more terrible in sight than to see your newly-painted wall peeling.

o Keep your eyes on the wall - and search for the holes. Even the tiniest one must disappear by applying drywall mud. Remember, the objective is to level out the wall again.

o Level one more time - it is not enough to cover the holes, you must make sure that there is no excess dried mud. Sand to smooth the areas and coat again with oil-based primer. Allow the wall to dry after applying primer before painting.

o Use oil-based paint - and apply a couple of coats to get a very good result.

If the old wallpaper has textural patterns, don't expect a flawless finish. So another tip on how to paint over wallpaper is to add a texture on the wall again like sand. This will really help your eyes forget the old wallpaper look.

For more useful painting and wallpaper tips and tricks, please visit []

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Windows Background Wallpaper Registry Settings - Tweak Windows Background Wallpaper With Registry

Windows background wallpaper registry settings enables users not just to change the wallpaper itself but users can also choose to restrict or allow the change of wallpapers. Such a feature may be applicable for companies who do not want their employees or public users to modify the wallpaper of their desktop PCs or laptops. On the other hand, if you find that you are not able to change the wallpaper of your personal computer, you may want to look at the registry settings to see if the change of wallpaper has been restricted and thus undo it. Let's look at how to modify Windows background wallpaper registry settings.

Let's look at how you can restrict or enable the change wallpaper feature. You will need to prepare a registry file with the following content:

Windows Registry Editor Version 5.00
(blank line)
[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE/SOFTWARE/Microsoft/Windows/policies/ActiveDesktop] (please replace the forward slashes with backslash)

Save the file as "XXXX.reg" and double click on it. Select Yes when prompted and the Windows background wallpaper registry setting should have been applied. However, if your PC is affected by a group policy which may be the case for company desktops, then this method may not work.

If you would like to change the wallpaper using registry, go to Start --> Run and type in regedit. Go to folder HKEY_CURRENT_USERControl PanelDesktop and look for Wallpaper, double click on it and change the path to point to your desired wallpaper.

If the above steps to tweak Windows background wallpaper registry settings are just too much hassle for you, you can download a free tool known as Tweak UI (Just do a search on Google). This freeware not only allow you to play with Windows background wallpaper registry settings, but also other aspect of Windows UI such as the taskbar. Users of slower computers can use it to improve performance of Windows by turning off fanciful graphical features on the operating system.

George Tho is an IT support specialist. Read his review on the top 3 Registry Cleaners that come with free scanning features for you to improve performance of Windows on your system and remove errors caused by registry.

Author's review website on Clickbank products:

Disclaimer: The content of this article is provided for the purpose of education and illustration only. This article may be freely reprinted or distributed in its entirety in any ezine, newsletter, blog or website. The author's name, bio and website links must remain intact and be included with every reproduction.

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Children's Wallpaper - Whimsical Designs

In my typical home in Chicago I have two pretty typical children. Like the majority of parents we fight and wrestle and bribe to get our kids to straighten up and keep their rooms clean. Most of the time, what usually happens in my home is, I break down and wind up taking care of it myself. This happens a lot, until I got them involved in decorating their rooms. Our first project involved the walls.

Surveys show that what drives parents crazy are kids that neglect their rooms. Psychologists suggest that if children help design their surroundings they will respect them more and tend to take great care of them.

Many parents and kids are looking for that perfect back drop. More and more companies see this niche market and are keying in and creating more lines just for children's rooms.

The origin in children's wallpaper began around 1870 and continues today. Since their inception, the wallpaper designs have been strongly influenced by literature and pop culture. The earliest works had strong religious and moral overtones. Later in the 19th century you saw more wallpaper designs stressing the importance of good behavior. In the 20th century the wallpaper has become lighter in tone and feature more engaging content. Papers have been manufactured to illustrate favorite literature, nursery rhymes, comic strip characters and works of fiction. Some examples of these are Mother Goose, Alice in Wonderland, and Cinderella.

There are many well known artists and designers that have helped shape the wallpaper designs. Some of these famous people are Walter Crane, Beatrix Potter, Cecil Aldin and William Wegman.

Today's wallpaper is designed to educate, stimulate and amuse. Most children's wallpaper uses a sophisticated color palette, but possess a childlike whimsy. Most combine graphic patterns, prints, stripes, solids that are playful and friendly. They create a storybook world with happy endings. They provide a safe and inspirational dream world for kids to escape to. It culminates into a positive room concept.

When my son was just a toddler I choose a wallpaper border. This was easily changed and removed as he grew. What I did was place it at his eye level and as he grew I kept replacing it and moving it higher up on the wall.

Another one of our choices was called frames. This wallpaper allowed my son to interact with the wallpaper. It consisted of freely drawn picture frames on a plain white background. My son created his own unique designs by coloring in the frames. Who knows maybe he will become the next Michelangelo!

One of my son's friends had Lego wallpaper in his room. This was a big hit and a must see. You could actually place and arrange the easily detachable wall covering on any surface you desire. How creative is that?

You should always choose your paper for what type of surface is being covered. Ask yourself, is the wall smooth or rough? Also some papers stain easily and can get dirty quickly. This may not be the right choice for a Child's room. Make certain you choose wallpaper that is easy to clean and maintain.

Some papers that are available are vinyl coated paper, paper backed vinyl, fabric backed vinyl, silk, grass cloth, flocked and foils. The average price for a single roll is about sixteen dollars. But you can find them for less or more expensive.

There are thousands of themes and just to name a few there are animals, floral, sports, nursery characters, sesame street characters and lovable critters. Remember the main objective is to fit your Child's personality and interests. This will inspire your Child's imagination and instill the respect in he or she that the parents desire.

After choosing the wallpapers, please take special attention in preparing the walls. There is nothing more important. Wallpapers and borders do best with a primer and a smooth finish on the walls. This helps the installation and makes it easier to remove at a later date.

Take a moment and relive the time when the world was an abundance of curious adventures that awaited you. You have the power and incentive to turn your child's room into a creation of magic. Start your search today so you can find the peace that you are after.

Author Bio: Barbara Tobiasz resides with her husband (Joe Tobiasz, Owner/Webmaster: in the Chicago area, studied at the Art Institute and taught for the Chicago Public Schools. She has volunteered her services for many organizations with her creative expressions in the interior design field. Her hobbies include reading, taking long walks with her dog and working her magic turning ordinary rooms into creative works of art.

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